Governments, Engineers and Scientists are all responsible for the current situation. The governments have the power to decide how to support Science and Technology while the scientists and engineers have the power to innovate and support the development through their know-how.
However, if governments refuse to take their responsibilities by creating conditions for supporting Science and Technology, Scientists and Engineers should take their responsibilities because the world is looking at them.
In fact, the world has been entrusted to Scientists and Engineers, and if African Scientists and Engineers do not take their responsibilities, they will be accountable for the decline of Africa. They should reflect on ways to achieve this goal.
For the success of Technology Transfer in African countries, the policy developed by RUAD-EURD organization is to catalyze the creation of SMETT (Small and Medium Enterprise for Technology Transfer) and JETT (Junior Enterprise for Technology Transfer)